# Title Team Members TA Documents Sponsor
51 Autonomous Pet Toy
Matthew Bonderski
Rachel Ziegler
Tyler Graham
Yuchen He TA final_paper
Owners often feel bad leaving their pets at home for long periods of time because they get bored, may be more destructive to items around the house, and do not get enough exercise throughout the day. This is a problem, especially for puppies, because if they do not get enough exercise they have a harder time with training and obedience.

Our vision for a solution to this problem is a small, durable, sphere-shaped toy to engage the dog throughout the day. There would be a rechargeable battery and power converter for the power supply. The control system would incorporate user settings from an app via Bluetooth relaying which times of the day the owner would like the dog to be active. To make the toy more interactive, custom infrared motion detectors on all sides of the ball would activate movement of the ball when the dog comes near it. The sounds from a custom speaker/amplifier/filter system could also attract the pet to the toy (through doorbell or other tones) at certain times set by the app.

Once the pet is interested, the toy will roll away, avoiding walls and objects using feedback from four mounted IR sensors around the edge of the ball.

The motion of the toy will be controlled by two wheels that will be screwed into the sides of the machine shopped ball. These wheels will allow an axis to be adhered to a stepper motor that is independent of the other side. The wheels will be able to freely turn but due to their attachment to the sphere it will cause the sphere to roll.This will allow the system to perform turns and correct itself if need be. The design choice of a stepper motor is to allow for measurement of the angle of rotation without the usage of a position sensor to be used in correction feedback loops. The design of the locomotion of the sphere was based off of this project:

The rest of the control and power supply components would be attached to the central axis through the middle of the ball, held in a box that swings freely as the ball rolls to act as a counterweight.

As a reach goal, a camera module could be incorporated so the owner can see how often the pet was engaged during the day.

The difficulty in this project comes in the effort to design the controls PCB, and package it in a small and durable way so the toy can fit under furniture. We also must have low power consumption to make the play time last longer so the dog can be exercised all day.

Recovery-Monitoring Knee Brace

Dong Hyun Lee, Jong Yoon Lee, Dennis Ryu

Featured Project


Thanks to modern technology, it is easy to encounter a wide variety of wearable fitness devices such as Fitbit and Apple Watch in the market. Such devices are designed for average consumers who wish to track their lifestyle by counting steps or measuring heartbeats. However, it is rare to find a product for the actual patients who require both the real-time monitoring of a wearable device and the hard protection of a brace.

Personally, one of our teammates ruptured his front knee ACL and received reconstruction surgery a few years ago. After ACL surgery, it is common to wear a knee brace for about two to three months for protection from outside impacts, fast recovery, and restriction of movement. For a patient who is situated in rehabilitation after surgery, knee protection is an imperative recovery stage, but is often overlooked. One cannot deny that such a brace is also cumbersome to put on in the first place.



Our group aims to make a wearable device for people who require a knee brace by adding a health monitoring system onto an existing knee brace. The fundamental purpose is to protect the knee, but by adding a monitoring system we want to provide data and a platform for both doctor and patients so they can easily check the current status/progress of the injury.



1) Average person with leg problems

2) Athletes with leg injuries

3) Elderly people with discomforts



Temperature sensors : perhaps in the form of electrodes, they will be used to measure the temperature of the swelling of the knee, which will indicate if recovery is going smoothly.

Pressure sensors : they will be calibrated such that a certain threshold of force must be applied by the brace to the leg. A snug fit is required for the brace to fulfill its job.

EMG circuit : we plan on constructing an EMG circuit based on op-amps, resistors, and capacitors. This will be the circuit that is intended for doctors, as it will detect muscle movement.

Development board: our main board will transmit the data from each of the sensors to a mobile interface via. Bluetooth. The user will be notified when the pressure sensors are not tight enough. For our purposes, the battery on the development will suffice, and we will not need additional dry cells.

The data will be transmitted to a mobile system, where it would also remind the user to wear the brace if taken off. To make sure the brace has a secure enough fit, pressure sensors will be calibrated to determine accordingly. We want to emphasize the hardware circuits that will be supplemented onto the leg brace.

We want to emphasize on the hardware circuit portion this brace contains. We have tested the temperature and pressure resistors on a breadboard by soldering them to resistors, and confirmed they work as intended by checking with a multimeter.

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