# Title Team Members TA Documents Sponsor
29 Solar Water Filtration and Vending System
Lixiang Dong
Mustika Wijaya
Rahul Raju
Bryce Smith design_review
Most rural areas don’t have a consistent source of water, forcing people to walk long distances to get it. One of our member’s non-profit organization (Solar Chapter) recently built a solar pumping system, which solves this problem. However, this water requires further treatment to be drinkable. To address this problem, we’ve decided to build a solar distillation system.

Solar panels will charge a lead acid battery (affordable), which will power the vending system. A charge controller will be required to obtain the desired output from a fluctuating input. Additional sun tracking system using photoresistor may be implemented to improve performance. We will then implement a water filtration system. Water will flow in through solar distillation to improve the water clarity and clean the water to high degree of purity. Then water will flow to another tank with purify layers of fibre membrane, active charcoal, and sand. For monitor our machine, Using an ultrasonic sensor, we will determine the amount of water within the storage and distillation tanks. This will be connected to sluice gates and the distillation setup, serving as a control system. The water quality will also be monitored using pH and Turbidity sensors, which will help evaluate the system’s performance. We will then implement a vending system, which disposes a fixed amount of water for money - this will also utilize sluice gates. As a reach goal, we will consider ways to transmit this sensor data to provide for remote monitoring, enabling maintenance.

In our conversations with course staff, we were informed that this project was sufficiently complex. In fact, this is a subset of our original plan to develop a full filtration, monitoring and vending system. We are willing to adjust our goals to achieve adequate complexity - for instance, including the data transmission as an expectation as opposed to a reach goal if required. As socially-conscious engineering students, we intend to put a version of our final product into active use in rural Indonesia and similar environments.

S.I.P. (Smart Irrigation Project)

Jackson Lenz, James McMahon

S.I.P. (Smart Irrigation Project)

Featured Project

Jackson Lenz

James McMahon

Our project is to be a reliable, robust, and intelligent irrigation controller for use in areas where reliable weather prediction, water supply, and power supply are not found.

Upon completion of the project, our device will be able to determine the moisture level of the soil, the water level in a water tank, and the temperature, humidity, insolation, and barometric pressure of the environment. It will perform some processing on the observed environmental factors to determine if rain can be expected soon, Comparing this knowledge to the dampness of the soil and the amount of water in reserves will either trigger a command to begin irrigation or maintain a command to not irrigate the fields. This device will allow farmers to make much more efficient use of precious water and also avoid dehydrating crops to death.

In developing nations, power is also of concern because it is not as readily available as power here in the United States. For that reason, our device will incorporate several amp-hours of energy storage in the form of rechargeable, maintenance-free, lead acid batteries. These batteries will charge while power is available from the grid and discharge when power is no longer available. This will allow for uninterrupted control of irrigation. When power is available from the grid, our device will be powered by the grid. At other times, the batteries will supply the required power.

The project is titled S.I.P. because it will reduce water wasted and will be very power efficient (by extremely conservative estimates, able to run for 70 hours without input from the grid), thus sipping on both power and water.

We welcome all questions and comments regarding our project in its current form.

Thank you all very much for you time and consideration!