|Syllabus and Study Guide for Midterm 2
- Understand the lecture slides and discussions thoroughly.
- Revisit the MPs and HWs and make sure you understand the solutions
thoroughly. Repeat any you are not comfortable with.
- Take the sample exam as a dry-run for the actual exam.
The exam will cover lecture 11 (Oct 3), which is on Types and Type Systems in OCaml, up to and including lecture 21 (Nov 7), the lecture on
Ambiguous Grammars and LR Parsing. The following give
examples of the kinds of questions you are likely to be asked for each
- Polymorphic Types and Type Derivations
- Explain and apply the key terminology of types and
- Make proofs of polymorphic type derivations and
polymorphic type inferences using typing rules
- Be able to recognize incorrect versus correct usages of the typing rules
- Polymorphic Type Inferences
- Polymorphic type inferences using polymorphic typing rules, include the
- Solve simple unification problems such as the
ones in the lecture slides.
- Recognize correct versus incorrect applications of
steps in the unification algorithm.
- Know how unification is used for pattern matching,
type checking, and type inference.
- Regular Expressions & Regular languages
- Be able to tell when a string is in the language of a
- Be able to construct simple Regular Expression or
given a description of the strings they should accept.
- Be able to describe lexical items using regular
- Be able to write a simple lexer in ocamllex by
providing semantic actions associated with corresponding
- Be able to write mutually recursive lexers in
ocamllex, and use arguments to lexers to be able to
implement different kinds of comments
- BNF Grammars
- Be able to create a grammar that generates a given language (set of
strings) described in English
- Be able to build a parse tree for a string in the
language of a grammar, or say none exists if the string is
not in the language.
- Be able to create a family of data types (abstract
syntax trees) representing the parse trees of a given grammar.
- Be able to demonstrate that a grammar is ambiguous, if it is.
- Be able to give a unambiguous grammar generating the
same language as a given ambiguous, for common sources of
ambiguity, respecting any specification of precedence or associativity.
- Be able to write an ocamlyacc parser for a simple language.