|11||Emergency Vitals Monitor
|Zihong Zeng, zihongz2, Songtao He, songtao2, Brandon Noble, bnoble2
Problem: Administering first aid in disaster situations is an extremely stressful task, that is prone to error if not done by a very well trained professional. Under circumstances with multiple injuries (gunshot, heat/fire related, earthquake, etc.), with limited bystanders available, treatment for these injuries are typically left for emergency response personnel.
Solution: A uniquely colored automated blood pressure cuff with extending rod for taking temperature, which doubles as the alignment for the pressure cuff's microphone. This simplifies the use as much as possible so that only a few people can attach them to as large a group as necessary in as little time needed. After activation, the blood pressure cuff will automatically take readings of blood pressure, heart rate, and temperature every thirty seconds. The blood pressure and heart rate can be used to determine an individual's 'shock index', which would set up a triage system automatically. This data is collated on a device for the user so as to see the ranking of each cuff in use in terms of who needs attention first, and gives first aid advice on how to treat the conditions detected.
Subsystem1: Automated Blood Pressure Cuff - A modified digital blood pressure cuff. Uses modern blood pressure cuff with colored strip, and rod with IC temperature sensor at the tip. By extending it along the inside of the arm, it would also align the microphone used for the digital cuff, removing the need to ensure it is aligned by the user. Rapidly inflates pressure to 180 mmHg, drops off to room pressure, listening for Korotkoff sounds to determine systolic and diastolic blood pressure, as well as heart rate.
Subsystem2: IoT communication - For prototyping, we'll send information over wifi to be processed online, and then display the ranking of active cuffs in terms of worst vitals at the top.
Subsystem3: User Device - For the finished product, have the cuff information collated on a screen that ranks the active cuffs in terms of worst vitals at the top.
Subsystem4: Local wireless communication - For the finished product, remove the wifi component of the blood pressure cuff and replace it with an alternative frequency communication to communicate with the user device without the presence of wifi or cellular reception.
Criterion for Success:
Basic implementation: Automated blood pressure cuff with blood pressure, heart rate, and temperature readings processed using IoT. Handle multiple uses of the cuff, establish priority system based off of condition (shock index, rate of vitals dropping).
Complete implementation: The above with IoT functionality replaced with local wireless capability, and a device to display that data for the user.