# Title Team Members TA Documents Sponsor
32 NESLA Coil
Julian Goldstein
Payton Baznik
Xusheng Zhao
Zipeng Wang design_review
A traditional Nintendo Entertainment System creates 8-bit game sounds using an Audio Processing Unit known as the RP2A03/RP2A07 chips. The sound composition of tunes that are played by the NES and systems of that era primarily consists of square and triangle waves meant to be output on an analog speaker. Instead of using an analog speaker as our sound output medium, we would like to use the electrical discharge of a Tesla Coil.

Our overall project goal is to create a Tesla Coil that uses solid state devices and is able to modulate its discharge frequency in accordance with the register contents of the NES APU, so that the sound emitted by the electrical discharge matches the sound being output by the APU.

The way that we would get the contents of the NES APU in real time is through an open-source emulator. One such emulator that could work is FakeNES. We would run a modified version of FakeNES on a Raspberry Pi and change the Software sound module, so that it can send sound register contents to the GPIO module. Then we will design another circuit to read the contents of the GPIO module and change that digital signal into the sound corresponding wave that should be emitted by the discharge sounds of the Tesla Coil. The discharge sounds can be controlled by properly interrupting the switching circuit that drives the coil's primary side.

As far as safety is concerned, we will be building the coil at such a scale where the discharge is not large enough to pose a problem.

One major problem I can see us having to overcome in this project is combining the multiple sound channels, so that they can be output on a single coil. The way we will overcome this issue is by playing all of the channels out of the coil in a round-robin format. That way each channel can contribute to the air vibration that we interpret as sound simultaneously. We would make the round-robin switching of channels occur at such a high frequency that the attenuation of sound between the switching is not significant enough to affect the sound.

While musical Tesla coils do exist, none exist such that they seek to model the APU output of the NES directly. In addition, there exists no Tesla Coil drivers that seek to modulate the Triangle wave of the NES's APU, most musical Tesla Coils are only designed to output sounds that are square waves. We will achieve the Triangle Wave output by feeding our switching circuit that produces square waves into an integrator and feeding the output of the integrator into the coils primary.

Prosthetic Control Board

Caleb Albers, Daniel Lee

Prosthetic Control Board

Featured Project

Psyonic is a local start-up that has been working on a prosthetic arm with an impressive set of features as well as being affordable. The current iteration of the main hand board is functional, but has limitations in computational power as well as scalability. In lieu of this, Psyonic wishes to switch to a production-ready chip that is an improvement on the current micro controller by utilizing a more modern architecture. During this change a few new features would be added that would improve safety, allow for easier debugging, and fix some issues present in the current implementation. The board is also slated to communicate with several other boards found in the hand. Additionally we are looking at the possibility of improving the longevity of the product with methods such as conformal coating and potting.

Core Functionality:

Replace microcontroller, change connectors, and code software to send control signals to the motor drivers

Tier 1 functions:

Add additional communication interfaces (I2C), and add temperature sensor.

Tier 2 functions:

Setup framework for communication between other boards, and improve board longevity.

Overview of proposed changes by affected area:

Microcontroller/Architecture Change:

Teensy -> Production-ready chip (most likely ARM based, i.e. STM32 family of processors)


support new microcontroller, adding additional communication interfaces (I2C), change to more robust connector. (will need to design pcb for both main control as well as finger sensors)


Addition of a temperature sensor to provide temperature feedback to the microcontroller.


change from Arduino IDE to new toolchain. (ARM has various base libraries such as mbed and can be configured for use with eclipse to act as IDE) Lay out framework to allow communication from other boards found in other parts of the arm.