Project

# Title Team Members TA Documents Sponsor
61 Cyclist Health Alert
Yingzheng Shi
Yuanqing Li
Yutian Sheng
Luke Wendt design_document0.pdf
final_paper0.pdf
presentation0.pdf
proposal0.pdf
video0.mov
Our goal is to design a bicycle device that could detect the physical condition and will sent alert if the physical condition fell below a threshold.

Features:
Generate electricity from mechanical source of bicycle to power the detector
Heart rate sensor (and a bio-related sweat sensor) will be inside the bike handle
The pressure sensor will be built in the saddle and both pedals
The accelerometer will be used for collision detection

Function: All sensors are connected to the power system (from mechanical energy) by wires, but they also have a secondary battery. The sensor in bike handle can check the heart rate and (salt %) to determine if the biker is in a safe physical condition. When the sensor notices it after analyzing the data, it can alert the biker to stop or to take a rest. The volume of the alert will be gentle and increase gradually.
If all pressure sensors detect pretty small value, the system will consider that the person is thrown off the bike unless he or she hits the button on the bike. We also implement a delayed emergency response system that gives enough time for user to cancel it. This feature is set to off at the beginning, the biker can choose whether to open it. For example, they can only use this feature when they are going to cycle in the some unsafe places or somewhere with few people. The collision detector will analyze the change of acceleration.

Recovery-Monitoring Knee Brace

Dong Hyun Lee, Jong Yoon Lee, Dennis Ryu

Featured Project

Problem:

Thanks to modern technology, it is easy to encounter a wide variety of wearable fitness devices such as Fitbit and Apple Watch in the market. Such devices are designed for average consumers who wish to track their lifestyle by counting steps or measuring heartbeats. However, it is rare to find a product for the actual patients who require both the real-time monitoring of a wearable device and the hard protection of a brace.

Personally, one of our teammates ruptured his front knee ACL and received reconstruction surgery a few years ago. After ACL surgery, it is common to wear a knee brace for about two to three months for protection from outside impacts, fast recovery, and restriction of movement. For a patient who is situated in rehabilitation after surgery, knee protection is an imperative recovery stage, but is often overlooked. One cannot deny that such a brace is also cumbersome to put on in the first place.

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Solution:

Our group aims to make a wearable device for people who require a knee brace by adding a health monitoring system onto an existing knee brace. The fundamental purpose is to protect the knee, but by adding a monitoring system we want to provide data and a platform for both doctor and patients so they can easily check the current status/progress of the injury.

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Audience:

1) Average person with leg problems

2) Athletes with leg injuries

3) Elderly people with discomforts

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Equipment:

Temperature sensors : perhaps in the form of electrodes, they will be used to measure the temperature of the swelling of the knee, which will indicate if recovery is going smoothly.

Pressure sensors : they will be calibrated such that a certain threshold of force must be applied by the brace to the leg. A snug fit is required for the brace to fulfill its job.

EMG circuit : we plan on constructing an EMG circuit based on op-amps, resistors, and capacitors. This will be the circuit that is intended for doctors, as it will detect muscle movement.

Development board: our main board will transmit the data from each of the sensors to a mobile interface via. Bluetooth. The user will be notified when the pressure sensors are not tight enough. For our purposes, the battery on the development will suffice, and we will not need additional dry cells.

The data will be transmitted to a mobile system, where it would also remind the user to wear the brace if taken off. To make sure the brace has a secure enough fit, pressure sensors will be calibrated to determine accordingly. We want to emphasize the hardware circuits that will be supplemented onto the leg brace.

We want to emphasize on the hardware circuit portion this brace contains. We have tested the temperature and pressure resistors on a breadboard by soldering them to resistors, and confirmed they work as intended by checking with a multimeter.

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