Project

# Title Team Members TA Documents Sponsor
26 Deep Tunnel Mobilization
Jonathan Young
Nisha Kolagotla
Youssef Elmokadem
Evan Widloski design_document1.pdf
design_document2.pdf
final_paper1.pdf
photo1.png
photo2.jpg
presentation1.pdf
proposal1.pdf
# Deep Tunnel Mobilization

Team Members:
- Nisha Kolagotla (nishak2)
- Jonathan Young (jy30)
- Youssef Elmokadem (youssef3)

# Problem
Describe the problem you want to solve and motivate the need.

Late in the season, most vegetables are done for the season except some cold hardy crops. A hoop house or deep tunnel can be used to extend growing periods. A hoop house or deep tunnels, equipt with UV resistant polyethylene plastic, can be used to extend growing periods by protecting them from direct sunlight. If deep tunnels are moved, one deep tunnel can be used as an incubator for more crops in a given season than if it is not moved. Currently 10-12 volunteers are needed to move these deep tunnels at the sustainable student farms which is an inconvenience. Ideally it would only take 1-2 volunteers to move these deep tunnels so the farmers are not dependent on having a large group congregate to move the tunnels. This problem was pitched by Professor Ann Witmer during lecture.

# Solution
Describe your design at a high-level, how it solves the problem, and introduce the subsystems of your project.

Design, build, and test a moving deep tunnel. The motor drives a gear and gear rack system to move the deep tunnel along a plot of land. The tunnel will be put on wheels and a track by the ABE part of the team. A gear rack will be fixed to the side of the deep tunnel. A gear driven by an electric motor will be placed in the rack moving the tunnel along the track. Data about the operation of the system will be collected so as to prevent damage to the deep tunnel if a malfunction with the system occurs by shutting off the system.

# Solution Components

## MCU

The MCU will be a SMT32 and the exact model will be determined later due to parts and availability. This microcontroller provides the computing power to tell when to activate the motors and other sensors. The main controller logic is written in C.

## Motor controller

The motor controller is a control circuit that takes the PWM signal from the microcontroller to drive the motor in either direction. This circuit is responsible for providing enough power to the motors.

## Battery System

Since this is an off-grid system, the battery is responsible for the energy storage while the battery management system is responsible for updating the microcontroller on the state of charge and keeping the battery from overheating, over discharging, overcharging, and cell balancing. The battery cells will be removable for recharging.

## Motor

At least two large motors will be needed to drive each side of the deep tunnel. These motors will work in tandem to produce parallel linear motion along the field. The exact motor type and power rating will be determined by the weight and size of the deep tunnel.

## Sensors

A gyroscope sensor will determine how fast the wheels are turning on both tracks. This will determine if one side is moving faster than the other and correct the discrepancy. If one side of the tracks has debris on it or if one of the motors is not working correctly, the resulting asymmetry could be detrimental to the structure of the greenhouse. This sensor will detect the asymmetry.

Temperature sensor for the batteries. If the batteries overheat the MCU will send an error message and stop the motors from running.

Position sensor for the location of the deep tunnel in relation to the field. This sensor will let the MCU know if there is any space to move further along the rails or if the end of the field has been reached.

# Criterion For Success

The deep tunnel is bi-directionally mobile along a track via an applied force parallel to the track in a way that will not compromise the integrity of the deep tunnel.

We will make one tunnel mobile with a reach goal of making the three tunnels mobile.

The tunnel will be made moveable requiring at most 2 operators of the system.

The temperature sensor reports a fault to the MCU when the temperature is outside the operating range.

The position sensor reports the proximity to the end of the track and prevents the deep tunnel from moving beyond the end of the track.

Control System and User Interface for Hydraulic Bike

Iain Brearton

Featured Project

Parker-Hannifin, a fluid power systems company, hosts an annual competition for the design of a chainless bicycle. A MechSE senior design team of mechanical engineers have created a hydraulic circuit with electromechanical valves, but need a control system, user interface, and electrical power for their system. The user would be able to choose between several operating modes (fluid paths), listed at the end.

My solution to this problem is a custom-designed control system and user interface. Based on sensor feedback and user inputs, the system would change operating modes (fluid paths). Additionally, the system could be improved to suggest the best operating mode by implementing a PI or PID controller. The system would not change modes without user interaction due to safety - previous years' bicycles have gone faster than 20mph.

Previous approaches to this problem have usually not included an electrical engineer. As a result, several teams have historically used commercially-available systems such as Parker's IQAN system (link below) or discrete logic due to a lack of technical knowledge (link below). Apart from these two examples, very little public documentation exists on the electrical control systems used by previous competitors, but I believe that designing a control system and user interface from scratch will be a unique and new approach to controlling the hydraulic system.

I am aiming for a 1-person team as there are 6 MechSE counterparts. I emailed Professor Carney on 10/3/14 and he thought the general concept was acceptable.

Operating modes, simplified:

Direct drive (rider's pedaling power goes directly to hydraulic motor)

Coasting (no power input, motor input and output "shorted")

Charge accumulators (store energy in expanding rubber balloons)

Discharge accumulators (use stored energy to supply power to motor)

Regenerative braking (use motor energy to charge accumulators)

Download Competition Specs: https://uofi.box.com/shared/static/gst4s78tcdmfnwpjmf9hkvuzlu8jf771.pdf

Team using IQAN system (top right corner): https://engineering.purdue.edu/ABE/InfoFor/CurrentStudents/SeniorProjects/2012/GeskeLamneckSparenbergEtAl

Team using discrete logic (page 19): http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/86206/ME450?sequence=1