See under "Computing the Mean Face" and instructions sent to the Google group: e-mail me a .txt with your face points.
The current class faces and annotations are here.
In this assignment you will produce a "morph" animation of your face into another student's face. If all goes well, I'll stitch together the results into a morph through the faces of the whole class.
A morph is a
simultaneous warp of the image shape and a cross-dissolve of the image colors.
The cross-dissolve is the easy part; controlling and doing the warp is the hard
part. The warp is controlled by defining a correspondence between the two
pictures. The correspondence should map eyes to eyes, mouth to mouth, chin to
chin, ears to ears, etc., to get the smoothest transformations possible.
We will take pictures
of everyone in the class. Each student
will then get a starting image ("picture A") and an ending image
("picture B") for the animation sequence. Picture A will be the photo of your
face. Picture B will be the student whose image name is after yours in alphabetical order. Instructions for downloading your image and annotation were sent via Google groups. On Oct 13, I'll make all face images and annotations available.
You'll morph still
picture A into still picture B and produce 61 frames of animation numbered
0-60, where frame 0 must be identical to picture A and frame 60 must be
identical to picture B. In the video, each frame will be displayed for 1/30 of
a second.
Name your frames morph_name1_name2_??.jpg
where ?? is 00 to 60 (do use two digits, even for 01, 02, etc.) and name1 and name2 are the basenames of the two images (e.g., "derekh").
Here is a workflow summary for the creating a morph:
Now, we describe these steps in more detail.
First, you will need to define pairs of corresponding points on the two images by hand. The more points, the better the morph, generally. I suggest using the standard correspondence format described under "Computing the Mean Face", as you will need to provide this for your own face anyway. The simplest way is to use the cpselect tool or to write your own little tool using
ginput and plot commands (with hold on
and hold off). I found the latter easier and provided a tool in the Google groups instructions.
Now, you need to provide a triangulation of these points that will be
used for morphing. You can compute a
triangulation any way you like, or even define it by hand.
A Delaunay triangulation (see dalaunay and related functions) is a
good choice since it does not produce overly skinny triangles.
You can compute the Delaunay triangulation on
either of the point sets (but not both -- the triangulation has to be the
same throughout the morph!).
But the best approach would probably be to compute the triangulation at midway shape
(i.e. mean of the two point sets) to lessen the potential triangle
deformations.
You need to write a function:
morphed_im = morph(im1, im2, im1_pts, im2_pts, tri, warp_frac, dissolve_frac);
that
produces a warp between im1 and im2
using point correspondences defined in im1_pts and im2_pts
(which are both n-by-2 matrices of (x,y) locations) and the triangulation structure
tri. Note that tri can be computed using delaunay from one set of points, as mentioned earlier.
The parameters warp_frac and dissolve_frac
control shape warping and cross-dissolve, respectively.
In particular, images im1 and im2 are
first warped into an intermediate shape configuration controlled by
warp_frac, and then cross-dissolved according to dissolve_frac.
For interpolation, both parameters lie in the range [0,1]. They are the only parameters that will vary from frame to frame in the animation. For your starting frame, they will both equal 0, and for your ending frame, they will both equal 1.
Given a new intermediate shape, the
main task is implementing an affine warp for each triangle in the triangulation
from the original images into this new shape.
This will involve computing an affine transformation matrix A between
two triangles:
A = computeAffine(tri1_pts,tri2_pts)
A set
of these transformation matrices will then need to be used to implement an
inverse warp (as discussed in class) of all pixels. Functions
tsearch and interp2 can come very handy here.
But note that you are not allowed to use Matlab's build-in offerings for computing transformations, (e.g. imtransform, cp2tform, maketform, etc).
Note, however, that
tsearch
assumes that your triangulation is always Delaunay.
In our case, this might not always be true --
you may start with a Delaunay triangulation, but through the course of
the morph it might produce skinny triangles and stop being Delaunay. David Martin from Boston College
has kindly given access to his versions of
tsearch that work on any triangulation: mytsearch.m. Note that this will return a "NaN" value for pixels that are not in any triangle. Two ways around this: (1) Set all such pixels to white (1 in each channel); (2) add points at the corners of the image to the original set of corresponding points (so that all pixels are in some triangle). I prefer the first option. Don't worry too much about using fancier interpolation methods. In my experience, just mapping to the nearest pixel seems to work ok.
Several fun things are possible with our new morpher.
For example, we can compute the mean face of CP students.
This would involve: 1) computing the average
shape, 2) warping all faces into that shape, and 3) averaging the colors
together.
However, this also requires a consistent labeling of all the faces.
So, what we will do is ask everyone to label
their own face, but do it in a consistent
manner as shown in the following two images:
points,
point_labels.
For each face image, you should put on your
website a text file with coordinates of x,y positions, one per line (43 lines total). Please name the file with the same name as your picture, but with a ".txt" extension.
You can read/write such files
with
the
save -ascii
and
load -ascii
commands. E.g.,
pts = [x(:) y(:)];
save -ascii ./derek.txt pts;
If everyone does this in a timely manner,
then everyone can use all of the data to compute their mean image.
Show the mean image that you got, as well as
1) your face warped into the average geometry, and 2) the average face warped
into your geometry.
To get you started,
here are the faces and points from the
last class.
To turn in your assignment, place your index.html file and any supporting media in your project directory: netid.projects.cs.illinois.edu/cs498dh/proj4/index.html, where "netid" is your netid (e.g., dhoiem). Also, e-mail me the zipped code in "netid_proj4.zip" and include a link to the project page in the text. See project instructions for details. In the e-mail, tell me how many points you think you should get for the core project and any bells and whistles.
Use both words and images to show us what you've done. Please:
The core assignment is worth 100 points, as follows:
You can also earn up to 90 extra points for the bells & whistles mentioned above.
Thanks to Alexei Efros for creating this cool assignment and giving permission to use it.