This page lists several basic mathematical concepts, data types, data structures, and algorithms that are typically covered in CS 173 and CS 225, with pointers to the corresponding Wikipedia entries. We assume you are already familiar with all of them. You can use any of these in your homework or exam solutions without providing further details or citing any source.
For detailed review of any of these topics, we strongly recommend using an actual textbook or one of the following online resources. (Beware that Wikipedia occasionally makes some very strange choices.)
Open Data Structures by Pat Morin, an open-content textbook (like open source, but for words) that really ought to be the standard reference for CS 225.
You may use any of these data structures in your homeworks and exams without providing further details or citing any source. If you use a small modification of one of these data structures, just describe your changes; don't regurgitate the original data structure details.
The difference between this list and the previous list
Algorithms
You may use any of these algorithms in your homeworks and exams without providing further details or citing any source. If you use a small modification of one of these algorithms, just describe your changes; don't regurgitate the original algorithm details.